The Future of Facebook

Written by Nuremy Khairi


Facebook was launched by Marc Zuckerberg in February 2004. At that time nobody could predict what the future holds for this new networking site. Let’s face the facts that Facebook has helped many of us become writers in our very own way. It has developed people’s mind and capabilities in conveying what they wanted to say or how they feel at that very moment.


One of the interesting key features of Facebook was the exclusivity. In order to sign in a Facebook account, you need to have an email address at one of the school in the network. First it started in Harvard and extended beyond that. It took over Myspace which was quite famous at that time. In 2007, the Facebook platform was introduced which gave developers a chance to create application for the network.

Fast forward until today, Facebook is still the go to networking website for many of us. Obviously Facebook has become a platform not only for news, social networking and also people who would want to introduce their businesses.

What would the future be for Facebook? Many would have their own views and thoughts on this, but the reality is the giant social networking site is pushing their product towards virtual reality, the expansion prominence of live video, Facebook is trying to redefine its product as not just an outlet where you unfold all your life aspects or a place to upload photos but beyond all that. Facebook is not just happy with owning the most distraction from your phone. It would prefer to be the place where the most memorable and meaningful life actually happen.

The more enticing Facebook products become, the more value they have for advertisers. The famous board member, Marc Andreessen’s said the software for Facebook will open up untold business model.  Will people need virtual clothing to wear on their journey through virtual worlds? Will Workplace spawns an ecosystem of third-party apps as robust as pants’?

In order to know where Facebook is headed in the future the Founder himself wrote in his February manifesto:

“Our goal is to strengthen existing communities by helping us come together online as well as offline, as well as enabling us to form completely new communities, transcending physical location.”


SIX IMPORTANT Lessons Learned while ‘Backpacking’

Written by Farah Hanani Sukri


You need to experience backpacking at least once in your lifetime to get out of your comfort zone. As the saying goes, “Life can be like a rollercoaster, sometimes you need to go through hard times alone.” By backpacking, you can finally discover your true strengths and weaknesses. Here are six (6) important lessons that one can get from being a backpacker:


  • Become more organized

The first thing that will change you is, you will become more organized, more than before as you yourself will have to arrange all your clothes, toiletries, and other items properly into a bag pack. Usually, when you are backpacking, you will want to minimize your carry-ons and not bring more than two carriers.


In addition to that, you also become independent, especially when you decide to travel to an unfamiliar territory. From this experience, you will learn basic survival skills because firstly, you will need to think about transportation. This is very important because you need to think on how you want to go from one place to another. Secondly, you need to do research on what are the must-do’s and the attractive places you should visit. So, you should have an itinerary and other materials that will help you achieve this. It is a MUST for you to do some research about the place that you will go to. Automatically, these will help you become more organized, as you know what you want and how to plan for it.


  • Become more open minded

            When you travel, you will experience new culture and meet new people. Somehow, it is an opportunity for you to learn their culture and beliefs. It is not for you to judge their culture, like it being weird, just because you are not familiar with their culture. You need to respect their differences, as you are an outsider.


The value gained from backpacking is, it gives you a new perspective where you can experience it ‘live’ rather than just reading and hearing it from someone. The act of being somewhere you are not familiar with allows you to fully immerse yourself and appreciate new horizons, people and culture. Their clothes used for different events are especially interesting to learn. You just need to have the courage to start a conversation, and this will eventually help you make new friends from other cultures, giving you a better understanding of their practices, turning all the curiosities into discoveries.


  • Become more independent

Some people think backpacking is difficult to do because you need to prepare lots of thing before you start backpacking. But somehow, I believe that you can overcome this if you one hundred percent prepared, by doing the necessary research on the country, as it will ease your journey.


Moreover, single travelling can also be considered as an ability to be alone but not lonely, which means that you will experience lots of things during your backpacking journey, but at the same time, you also will learn to accept the hard times because you know that only YOU can help yourself in difficult times. Automatically, it helps you to think creatively to solve a problem. I believe            that people who often travel think more creatively and are better at adjusting to new environments because only you will rescue yourself.


  • Overcome fear/conflict and be more confident

Backpacking is an activity that takes you out from you comfort zone by experiencing the unfamiliar. Before this, if you are fearful of something, you tend to avoid them. But when you are a backpacker, you need to overcome your fears if you want your travels to go as planned. For example, you have anxiety when   communicating with strangers because you are an introvert. You need to overcome this as a backpacker, to make yourself confident of your new surroundings. If you are lost at ‘nowhere’, by hook or by crook, you will need          to start asking people where you are. Do not feel afraid if they do not       understand you, because technology can assist you. You can show them pictures of building, park, etc. to find your way back. This one experience for instance, can teach you to become more confident in facing people, and help you overcome personal conflicts.


  • Appreciate time

You have already prepared the itinerary for your backpacking trip and you will follow      the flow just to make sure you will not miss doing things and visiting worthy places. This at the end, helps you to manage time and be appreciative of every second. If you delay and deviate from your plans, you may need to skip to other activities and miss the attractive places you should have visited. This is very wasteful because the point of backpacking is to experience something new and see something new in your life.


  • Utilize things

            You will start to realize that every single thing is very important compared to the time when you are in your comfort zone. Maybe before, you did not need to use them because you had a variety of options, but when you are backpacking, you have limited options. You will only realize its value and how much it will help you during your backpacking travels.


The Reality Television Programs in Malaysia.

Written By Amirah Sohaimi


Reality TV is typically defined as a non-fictional programming in which portrayal is presumed to present current, historical events or circumstances. The production itself must be a realistic account.  Generally included in this category are news and public affairs programming, interviews, talk shows, entertainment, or news programming, documentaries, real world events, police or emergency worker drama, and live quiz shows.

Over the years, the media industry in Malaysia has witnessed a growing and troubling trend of media ownership concentration and consolidation, which was triggered by economic and to some extent, political reflections. The Government, in general, supports the Islamic religious establishment and infuses Islamic values into the administration and official policy of the country. The centralization of Islam occurred most extensively under the Mahathir Government, starting from about the mid-1980s onwards.

In a multicultural society, media in Malaysia has some of the toughest censorship laws; and it is becoming very challenging for media to produce shows in terms of breaking the boundaries of the religious rules. However, with globalization the West, it clearly has influenced the Malaysian media industry. Malaysia has imported a lot of reality television shows from the West. Although there are still restrictions on what can be shown on the local television, but the changes are a huge step in the Malaysian media industry.

When we are exposed to a wide range of imported western TV programs, to some extent we can see a change in the pattern of our daily lives. But this does not mean that Malaysians are 100% influenced by the Western culture.

Although Malaysians have expressed their views on reality TV, there are signs of conflict that comes from other critics such as academics, politicians, entertainers and even from ordinary citizens. Some do agree that the lack of Asian values portrayed in the content of the local reality TV programs is the cause of the erosion of Asian values in today’s community.

We must realize that conflicts and dilemma may arise between people who wish to accept foreign cultures and those who wish to maintain their traditional cultures and reject the external values and beliefs. We must accept the criticisms, comments and arguments with regard to the positive and negative values portrayed in the reality TV programs. In the end, we are all hand-in-hand promoting Malaysia’s nation-building exercises towards a developed nation.

Surely your kids won’t mistakenly find inappropriate content on social media sites like YouTube?

Written by Noor Zahra Zamalik

Have you ever experienced seeing kids around you watching YouTube everywhere they go? These kids could be your family members, relatives, or children of friends whom their parents give absolute freedom to hold onto devices, allowing them watch videos from YouTube with limited guidance. Since 2013, YouTube has become the most popular on-demand service with more than half of the audiences accessing TV and video via the site. According to Ofcom’s report, youngsters between the age of 5 – 15 years old spend about 15 hours each week online, whereas preschoolers aged 3 – 4 years old are spending around 8 hours and 18 minutes a week online.



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73% respondents aged between 5 – 15 years prefer YouTube as their popular online destination to access to multiple content genre, while 37% of preschoolers typically select video contents with cartoons and mini-movies. However, do the parents realize that some of the content in these videos are inappropriate to be viewed by kids? Sadly, there is a huge number of videos on YouTube that showcase parodies based on kids’ cartoons such as Peppa Pig and Dora the Explorer series, depicting adult themed contents, uploaded by irresponsible producers. These videos are obviously inappropriate for the original show’s target audiences. Hence, this ‘new’ content is dangerous in the sense that it would be mistakenly adopted by the child as the real thing.


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Many channels on YouTube share videos of popular cartoon characters and have been ensuring that their content is safe and child-friendly. However, there still exist contents which are beyond a child’s imagination as they are found to illustrate violent or sexual undertones. In a video entitled “Doc McStuffins”, the lead character is shown to have been injected with needles, covered in blood and throwing stones at neighbours’ homes. Another one, in a series called “Toys and Funny Kids Surprise Eggs”, its videos are titled as “Naked Hulk loses his pants”, “Baby Hulk bites baby Elsa” and “Spider Baby cuts Elsa Dress”. According to the report, some of the popular scenes in YouTube is where the model of Elsa from “Frozen” character became pregnant and is about to deliver a baby, but she is naked in a bath tub and has intercourse with her spouse, which is a Spiderman character. Fortunately, some of these channels have been removed from YouTube after parents voiced out their concerns.

The Internet has given freedom to children to view any content of their interest, instead of being tied to the programmes from the television and magazines. In 2012, a Californian teen died from a freak accident after trying to duplicate a stunt he saw on YouTube called the “good kids’ high”. It was reported that the teen and his two friends were watching a YouTube video of how to pass out on purpose before trying it out themselves.

As such, there are evident risks involved when parents do not restrict certain contents for their kids to view. It may end up in tragedy, violent or criminalistics behaviour, as well as exposing children to sexual intercourse from a very young age. Although YouTube offers a ‘restricted mode’ at the bottom of the page to avoid inappropriate contents, the option does not look promising as it is not 100% filtered, nor is it accurate. To remedy this, YouTube Kids app was introduced for kids and most of the videos here are filtered from having dangerous contents.


Image Credit: The Conversation

It is only natural that kids’ development grow when they use the Internet and participate in online video viewing. However, as YouTube deals with a larger targeted audience, it is hoped that parents are more alert and observant of the online contents viewed by their kids.


Lupkin, S. (2012, Sept 28). Dangerous Stunt Seen on YouTube Hurting, Even Killing Teens. Retrieved from abc NEWS:

Murphy, M. (2017, March 27). These Sick YouTube Videos are Disguised as Popular Cartoons. Retrieved from New York Post:

Ofcom. (2016, November 16). Online Overtakes TV as Kids’ Top Pastime. Retrieved from Ofcom Making Communications Work for Everyone:

Panda Security. (2017, May). Is YouTube Safe for Your Kids? Retrieved from Panda Mediacenter:

Wakefield, J. (2015, March 27). Children Spend Six Hours or More a Day on Screens. Retrieved from BBC News:




The persecution of the Rohingya, the stateless minority in Myanmar has escalated rapidly with the violence that erupted again in August this year which saw its militant group, Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army (ARSA) clashing with the Myanmar’s military, forcing the former to flee for their lives to neighboring countries.

Eventually, the continuous atrocities against this group sparked a global outrage and it has become the primary debate as Myanmar tries to conceal their practice of ethnic cleansing against the Rohingya.

Following a recent response by the Myanmar government, especially by its de facto leader and Noble prize laureate Aung San Suu Kyi, her justification has been condemned by world leaders as she failed to address the problem and even referred the situation as an act against terrorism.

It is universally acknowledged that such controversy is an inhumane practice of genocide that was somehow obsolete but is still used as a warfare tool in contemporary culture. Relating to this, the Bangladesh National Commission for Human Right is now contemplating to press charges for genocide at the international court against Myanmar and its military group.

Apart from that, further observation on the news coverage pertaining to the Rohingya between Al Jazeera and the New Straits Times showed similarities, particularly on how the news were reported. Attention to the plight of the Rohingyas was initiated by these journalists, describing the group to be denied of basic human rights by the government, and most importantly, their citizenship was not acknowledged in their home country, rendering them stateless.

Both news agencies also homogenously instill the notion that such violence inflicted on the Rohingya minority was a form of genocide, or ethnic cleansing by reporting the statements from world leaders and related agency.

However, such support shown does not affect impartiality, as both Al Jazeera and the New Straits Times acted as neutral parties in their reports on ties between the Islamist extremist and the Rohingya. To support this view, another article published by both Al Jazeera and the New Straits Times were referred to, and it highlighted alternative perspectives which served as a tool to defend the Rohingya community against any relations with the terrorist groups.

This is evident as the New Straits Times have published an article that cited Foreign Minister Datuk Seri Anifah Aman’s statement during the 72nd Session of the United Nations General Assembly, in which he stated that the failure to address and resolve the situation has unfortunately created an opportunity for terrorism, knowing that civilians are prone to be manipulated and recruited.

Meanwhile, Al Jazeera has also published an article which quoted a statement from the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army (ARSA) denying any ties or involvement with extremist groups.

Perhaps, such situation has triggered a global quest as it reminded us of the notorious Holocaust or even the suffering experienced by the Palestinian, that was denied their basic human rights and freedom in their own homeland.

Most of all, despite persistent coverage and global demand for permanent resolution, the current fate of the Rohingya minority remains unknown if Myanmar still fails to acknowledge the core of the problem.